Casino Information, Gambling History

We already regularly posted articles on the history of gambling on  this website. This often concerned an early history. For example, the history of slots , playing cards and words. Sometimes a history that dates back to long before 1900.

But of course there is also recent history for the past 35 years. Just look at the changes in slots during that period. Mechanical cabinets have been quickly replaced by digital video slots  with numerous possibilities for attractive games. Which can also be played at home.

And thanks to increased globalization, physical slots and online games have spread across the world at lightning speed. In principle, interested parties can now play the same games everywhere. With slot machines we then only name one part. Much more important than the appearance of roulette gambling , slot machines and the like, however, is something else that characterizes recent history.

Income source

With the increase in gambling opportunities, gambling became an important source of income for several countries. Or, if a country did not yet have proper control over gambling among its inhabitants, a reason to look at gambling laws and regulations . In 2001, global gambling revenue was over $ 200 billion. That grew at a fairly constant percentage per year to just under 400 billion in 2010. This year, partly due to the dip due to corona, it will amount to just over 500 billion dollars.

If we are not yet properly monitored, we can think of online gambling in the Netherlands as an example. Online gambling is prohibited in the Netherlands, so Dutch people who want to play turn to foreign providers. The Dutch economy earns nothing from the money they spend there. That has to change with the announced legislative changes. But with what arguments? Of course not complaining about loss of income. No, anthropologists looking at recent history saw different arguments.

Changed world

Anthropologists are interested in how people interact with each other and the world around them, and how they give meaning to their lives. They look at all facets. Even when they are researching a part, eg a gambler’s dialect in Tahiti. Then they look at a much wider area. With the example in mind therefore also to the history, economic developments, religious practices, politics and more on Tahiti.

Some anthropologists worldwide have looked at the recent history of gambling in recent years. In particular, they saw that concepts such as responsible gambling, consumer protection and the like were increasingly used in the arguments of governments.

Ultimately, all arguments around ‘preventing all kinds of problematic gambling behavior ‘ turned out to stem mainly from the desire to secure gambling income. Or to ensure that a country itself can profit from the gambling behavior of its inhabitants. So the gambling income.…

Casino Information, Craps

Winn, (not to be confused with the Wynn !) Introduced the banker, among other things, shortly after the turn of the 20th century. Until then, participants played against each other. With the new rules they played against the bank. John Winn also came up with the rule that you can bet against the pitcher, a measure against cheating by the pitcher. If you didn’t trust him or her, you bet against him.

John H. Winn became the father of modern craps with his innovations. But several people after him refined his rules. As early as 1910, craps beat the game Faro, which was the most popular game in America until then.

Additional information

  • Not only do we find the ancient history of craps questionable. The recent stories with Bernard de Marigny de Mandeville and John Henry Winn are also difficult or impossible to verify. According to game author John Scarne, John H. Winn was born in 1865. With his wife Ellen Florence Weake he had a son, Henry Edward Winn. But that information is nowhere to be found. And more is not known about this man. He is not even on the list of members of the Association of American Playing Card Manufacturers.
  • It is more fun to look at some weird facts about craps, for which we also do not put our hands in the fire.
    • Craps is the game around which most superstitions hang. For example, many players will never pronounce the word ‘seven’ because they believe it has a curse. Bizarre, of course, in a game in which seven plays a major role. The best-known alleged lucky charm, but of course also the result of superstition, is the blowing of a beautiful lady over the dice.
    • In 2009 Patricia Demauro played craps for the longest turn without rolling a combination of 7. In the end it took 154 throws, a chance of 1 in 1.5 billion, and 4 hours and 18 minutes. The New Jersey player set her record at the Borgota Hotel Casino in Atlantic City.
    • The highest craps win is attributed to Archie Karas (official name Anargyros Karabourniotis). He started playing with $ 50 in late 1992 and multiplied that to $ 40 million in three years. Gradually he had more and more capital to deploy. And he did, up to $ 100,000 or more per turn. But Archie Karas couldn’t handle the opulence. Instead of enjoying his acquired wealth, he played on and lost the money as quickly as he won it. And he started cheating. In 2013 he was arrested and charged with burglary, cheating and winning by fraudulent means. Many now wonder if he didn’t even when he made his huge profits. Especially after it became known that he was first caught in 1988.
  • According to some mathematicians, the rules of the game of craps are simple. But according to them it is the most complicated game in a casino. It is an exciting game and it can be loud at times. You can see that in the preview of the latest James Bond film ‘No Time to Die’.
  • And do you still want to read why it seems simple, but is complicated? Then read ‘The Risk of the Roll – A Mathematical Analysis of Casino Dice Games’. It’s a 2013 study in which Daniel Widmann takes you into the complexity of craps.
  • The story about Meyer Lansky comes from the book ‘Meyer Lansky, The Thinking Man’s Gangster’ by Robert Lacey from 2015 (reprint from 1991). This book is generally regarded as the most reliable and best-documented book about a gangster from the early years of American organized crime.