Casino Information, Craps, Gambling History

Governments worldwide were increasingly taking control of gambling activities. We now know the underlying reason. Almost all of them placed the responsibility for this control with the controlling (semi-) government agencies and gambling operators. They had to (and must) protect citizens against gambling-related damage.

These authorities and entrepreneurs all gave their own interpretation. Numerous studies have been carried out. And gambling operators took many initiatives aimed at responsible gambling. However, after studying many studies, the anthropologists conclude that there is still little clarity about the causes of problematic gambling. Or that at least among scientists there is a lot of criticism of each other’s conclusions.

Cultural differences per country

An important part of the differences in conclusions can be attributed to cultural differences. We wrote about that before. In one country or continent, players mainly engage in slot machines, while in another, people mainly participate in lotteries or bet on sports. The sources of gambling income therefore differ from country to country. But also the environment and thus the influences on, for example, gambling addiction.

After all, it makes a difference whether you are in a casino, with friends around you, playing a slot machine, in a cafe with a beer in your hand or at home behind your PC. And where in the Netherlands you can buy a state lottery ticket on every corner of the street, and find other entertainment, you have to go a long way through the snow in Lapland. Thanks to online it all becomes easier, but the physical environment continues to play an important role.

And that, according to some anthropologists, is not always properly valued. That does not have to be a problem with local research. But it goes without saying that this is the case with the worldwide takeover of a resolving initiative against limiting problematic gambling.

Health care

Governments, several researchers note, have thus increasingly taken control of gambling activities in recent years. An important reason for this is the gambling income that contributes to the economy. They gained control with the main argument of preventing gambling damage to the inhabitants. However, there are major differences in approach, based on major differences in research conclusions. Too little account is taken of cultural (gambling) differences .

But despite the differences in approach and conclusions from research, gambling has gradually become part of public health in almost all countries. While you would think that gambling belongs to the economy or a ministry of sports and recreation. By making it part of public health, the emphasis will be on preventing and / or treating problem gambling and gambling addiction. And not the pleasure of the majority of residents playing slots, a game of roulette or waiting for the outcome of a sports bet or lottery.


Over the past five years, this has resulted in more and more criticism of government policy. This criticism differs per country, based on the measures taken. But there is also general criticism. In addition, even researchers point to the methods of research into problematic gambling, for example. They believe that too much research takes place in isolated situations, where a gambling environment has been artificially simulated. There is therefore little or no realistic gambling environment.

Another point of criticism is the still ambiguous definition of ‘responsible gambling’. After all, that is the vague concept under which many governments, often equally vague, want to regulate matters such as problem gambling, gambling addiction and the like. Due to the lack of clarity, treatment in one country is in the hands of a GGD or addiction aid agency , while in another country a psychiatrist comes directly into the picture. Incidentally, the fact that in some countries research is directed from a specialism such as psychiatry also leads to objections. The criticism is then ‘heavy artillery and preaching for your own parish’.


Recent history has seen a shift worldwide towards greater government control. With, perhaps under false pretenses, a great deal of attention for problematic gambling behavior. In recent years, there has been more criticism of that attention. That does not alter the fact that governments must protect their residents against gambling-related damage. They mainly placed the responsibility for this on gambling authorities, various online gambling operators and of course the player himself.

The worldwide discussion will continue for a while. In the meantime, gambling entrepreneurs continue to change history with new or modified games grand dragon lotto, thanks to ongoing technological developments. And the vast majority of players look for fun at a game of poker , a bet or the push of a button on a slot machine without problematic consequences .…

Casino Information, Craps

Winn, (not to be confused with the Wynn !) Introduced the banker, among other things, shortly after the turn of the 20th century. Until then, participants played against each other. With the new rules they played against the bank. John Winn also came up with the rule that you can bet against the pitcher, a measure against cheating by the pitcher. If you didn’t trust him or her, you bet against him.

John H. Winn became the father of modern craps with his innovations. But several people after him refined his rules. As early as 1910, craps beat the game Faro, which was the most popular game in America until then.

Additional information

  • Not only do we find the ancient history of craps questionable. The recent stories with Bernard de Marigny de Mandeville and John Henry Winn are also difficult or impossible to verify. According to game author John Scarne, John H. Winn was born in 1865. With his wife Ellen Florence Weake he had a son, Henry Edward Winn. But that information is nowhere to be found. And more is not known about this man. He is not even on the list of members of the Association of American Playing Card Manufacturers.
  • It is more fun to look at some weird facts about craps, for which we also do not put our hands in the fire.
    • Craps is the game around which most superstitions hang. For example, many players will never pronounce the word ‘seven’ because they believe it has a curse. Bizarre, of course, in a game in which seven plays a major role. The best-known alleged lucky charm, but of course also the result of superstition, is the blowing of a beautiful lady over the dice.
    • In 2009 Patricia Demauro played craps for the longest turn without rolling a combination of 7. In the end it took 154 throws, a chance of 1 in 1.5 billion, and 4 hours and 18 minutes. The New Jersey player set her record at the Borgota Hotel Casino in Atlantic City.
    • The highest craps win is attributed to Archie Karas (official name Anargyros Karabourniotis). He started playing with $ 50 in late 1992 and multiplied that to $ 40 million in three years. Gradually he had more and more capital to deploy. And he did, up to $ 100,000 or more per turn. But Archie Karas couldn’t handle the opulence. Instead of enjoying his acquired wealth, he played on and lost the money as quickly as he won it. And he started cheating. In 2013 he was arrested and charged with burglary, cheating and winning by fraudulent means. Many now wonder if he didn’t even when he made his huge profits. Especially after it became known that he was first caught in 1988.
  • According to some mathematicians, the rules of the game of craps are simple. But according to them it is the most complicated game in a casino. It is an exciting game and it can be loud at times. You can see that in the preview of the latest James Bond film ‘No Time to Die’.
  • And do you still want to read why it seems simple, but is complicated? Then read ‘The Risk of the Roll – A Mathematical Analysis of Casino Dice Games’. It’s a 2013 study in which Daniel Widmann takes you into the complexity of craps.
  • The story about Meyer Lansky comes from the book ‘Meyer Lansky, The Thinking Man’s Gangster’ by Robert Lacey from 2015 (reprint from 1991). This book is generally regarded as the most reliable and best-documented book about a gangster from the early years of American organized crime.